What is a noun?
A noun is used as the name of a person, thing, place, idea and quantity of a person, a thing and place.
- Kinds of Noun-
- Common Noun – It is the name given commonly to every person or a thing of the same kind. It is not the name of any specific individual or thing or place. e.g. – Girl, boy, student, etc.
- Proper Noun – It is the name given to some specific individual, thing or place. e.g.- Mumbai, Rahul, USA, etc.
- Collective Noun- It is the name of a collection of persons and things treated and spoken together as a whole. e.g. – Class, crowd, mob, etc.
- Abstract Noun – It is the name of a worth, idea, thought or state. e.g.- Youth, Honesty, beauty, etc.
- Material Noun – Such as gold, coal, wheat, tea.
(2) Number of a Noun – Singular – Plural
(3) Gender of a Noun – Masculine – Feminine – Neuter
(4) Case of a Noun
For example –
(i) Monty is my friend.
(ii) Who brought this pen?
(iii) She is Ram ‘s wife.
Case in Apposition-
Sanjay, the captain of our team, has been rewarded.
Apposition means a placing near just as captain is placed after Sanjay. It is a generous of evocative appearance not joined by any conjunction.
Rules of Noun
- i) Uncountable Nouns are used in the singular forms only.
ii) Indefinite article is not used before them.
iii) They are not used with plural verbs.
Some of the important Nouns of kind are –
Advice, information, hair, business, work, bread, paper, fuel, baggage, poetry, equipment, food, machinery etc
- He gave me an information.
- You should be true to your words.
- He was punished for committing many mischief.
(B) These nouns may be castoff to denote individuality as follows –
- A piece/a word of advice.
- A word of abuse.
- An act of mischief.
- A piece/loaf of bread.
(C) These nouns may be castoff to signify plurality as follows –
- Words of abuse.
- A lot of/many words/many pieces of advice.
- Much/some advice.
There are some of the Colletive nouns which are used with plural verbs. e.g
- Poultry, folk, majority, cattle, gentry, peasantry, people.
- The nouns House, jury, family, mob, crowd, board, police, team, staff, public, number, committee are used as a body or group and not as members.
- When these nouns signify participants or individuals, the verb is used in plural form.
i. Majority is in favour of this proposal.
ii. The committee is unanimous on this issue.
iii. Cattles are grazing in the field.
iv. The people of all the countries should work for peace.
v. The audience was spell bound.
vi. The team are full of high spirits.
vii. The team is at the top in this competition.
Deer,offspring, fish, sheep – are expressed as singular or plural only by the use of verb. Both in particular and the plural they have the same form.
- A sheep is grazing in the field. (correct)
- Sheeps is grazing in the field. (use sheep in place of sheeps)
Note- Fishes may be castoff in the sense of diverse number and kind.
Certain of the nouns (ending in s or es) are used with singular verb.
- Branches of learning. e.g
Politics, statistics, physics, mathematics, economics
Note – statistics are subject is used with singular verb. Figures when taken as a gathering of data is used with plural verb.
(B) Diseases. e.g – Rickets, mumps, Malaria etc
(C.) Games and sports. e.g – Athletics, gymnastics, billiards etc
(D) Titles of books. e.g – Arabian Nights, Discovery of india, India wins freedom, war and peace etc
(E) Descriptive names of countries. e.g- United Arab Emirates, United States etc
(F) Some other nouns are – Series, News, innings e.g
- Politics are a dirty game.
- Two series of matches was played last year.
- These news are disappointing.
- A series of matches are being played.
Learning the usages of Nouns as singular and plural in forms.
Some of the nouns are normally used in the plural form with plural verb.
- Articles of dress. – Jeans, breeches, trousers
- Names of instruments.- Shears, scissors, spectacles etc.
- Other nouns such as
Thanks, riches, contents, ashes, arrears, proceeds, manners, quarters, earnings.
i. My spectacles is very costly.
ii. A pair of spectacles has been bought by me.
iii. My scissors is not sharp
iv. Order for his transfer has been issued.
A compound noun (numerical + noun) is not recycled in plural if a noun does the work of an adjective. e.g –
i. A ten year old boy.
ii. A ten miles race.
iii. A five-rupee note.
iv. Ten-day tour.
v. Five-foot long room.
Nouns stating number are used in singular with numerical adjectives.
Two thousands, two hundreds, five dozen, two million, three lakhs. e.g.-
i) I gave him five dozens pencils.
ii) I gave him two thousands rupees.
ii) There are thousands of partially built house.
Two adjectives denoting different meanings and qualifying the same noun are considered plural and are used with plural verbs. e.g.-
i) Summer and winter vacation are compulsory in our schools
ii) cultural and social life in India are changing.
Noun are preposition is repeated in singular form . e.g.- i) Hour after hour ii)Word after word iii) Door to door.
The use of Fractions.
i) One and a half hours are wasted.
ii) A year and a half is wasted.
iii) An hour and a half is wasted.
iv) One and a half years are wasted.