Daily Current Affairs – 8th May 2020

1) Tarun Bajaj appointed as Director on Central Board of Directors of RBI

The Central Government has appointed Economic Affairs Secretary Tarun Bajaj as Director on the Central Board of Directors of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Bajaj will succeed Atanu Chakraborty, who is retiring from this post. Bajaj’s nomination will be effective from May 5 till further orders.

Tarun Bajaj is a 1988 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. Prior to being made the Secretary of Economic Affairs, he was Additional Secretary in the Prime Minister’s Office.

2) 7 May 2020: Important information related to World Athletics Day

World Athletics Day was observed on 7 May 2020 worldwide. The purpose of celebrating this day is to encourage youth to participate in athletics.

The date of this day is determined each year by the IAAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation). In this year i.e. 2020, the date of World Athletics Day was set on 7th May. The 1st World Athletics Day was celebrated in 1996.

What are athletics?

Athletics is mainly a special collection of running, jumping, throwing and running competitions. This usually includes track and field, road running, cross country running and race walking competitions.

3) Mustafa Al Qadmi sworn in as Iraq’s next Prime Minister

Mustafa Al Qadmi was sworn in as the next Prime Minister of Iraq on 7 May. Earlier, Al-Qadmi was the former head of the US-backed intelligence department. He resigned from the post of Intelligence Chief before being nominated for the post of Prime Minister.

Iraq’s parliament approved the proposal of Mustafa al-Qadimi as Prime Minister of Iraq. This ended the leadership crisis that had been going on in the country for five months.

Mustafa Al Qadmi has taken over as Prime Minister at a time when Iraq is facing an unprecedented crisis amid a decline in oil revenues.

4) Adhir Ranjan Chaudhary elected as Chairman of Public Accounts Committee of Parliament

Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Chaudhary has been re-elected as the Chairman of the Parliament’s public accounts committee-PAC. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla has elected him the chairman of this committee with the opinion of opposition parties. As a tradition, the post of the chairman of this committee has been given to the leader of the opposition party.

20 members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha have been elected in this committee including the chairman. These include 15 members from Lok Sabha and 5 from Rajya Sabha. The tenure of the committee will be from 1 May 2020 to 30 April 2021.

What is Public Accounts Committee (PAC)?

The job of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is to check the accounts of government expenditure. The basis of the investigation is the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG).

PAC reports contain recommendations that are not technically binding on the government. But, they are taken seriously and the government also keeps action notes in Parliament.

The PAC is the oldest committee of Parliament. The provision of this committee was made in the Government of India Act 1919 in 1921.

The term of PAC is 1 year. The President of the PAC is selected by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from the opinion of the opposition parties. This committee can have a maximum of 22 members.

5) Styrene gas leak accident occurred at LG Polymer Limited plant in Visakhapatnam

The accident of styrene gas leak occurred on 7 May in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. The gas leak was from the plant of LG Polymers Limited, located in RR Venkatapuram village near Gopalapatnam in Visakhapatnam. Many people died due to this accident and fell ill.

The accident affected the villages falling within a radius of five kilometers around the plant. Due to the leak, people complained of irritation in the eyes, difficulty in breathing, vomiting and body rash.

The accident occurred when some workers at the plant were attempting to restart a unit after partial removal of lockdown restrictions. In this sequence styrene gas leaked, which is the raw material of platik.

LG Polymer Limited: A Vision

In 1961, Hindustan Polymer set up this plant in Vizag to make polystyrene and other related products. It merged with McDowell & Company in 1978. In 1997, South Korea’s company LG Chem acquired the company. It was renamed LG Polymer.

6) Indian photo journalists won Pulitzer Prize

Recently, the Pulitzer Prize winners of the year 2020 were announced by Columbia University.

Three photographers from the Associated Press of Jammu and Kashmir were declared awardees in the Feature Photography category. While Anushree Fadnavis and Adnan Abidi have won awards in the category ‘Breaking News Photography’.

Media coverage amid protests in Kashmir after Associated Press photographers Channi Anand, Mukhtar Khan and Dar Yasin withdrew special state status for Jammu and Kashmir Has won the ‘Feature Photography’ award.

The Pulitzer Prize is considered America’s most prestigious honor in the field of journalism.

The award was instituted in the year 1917, which is administered by Columbia University and the ‘Pulitzer Prize Board’.

The ‘Pulitzer Prize Board’ is formed by judges appointed by Columbia University.

The award is given in honor of the famous newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer. Joseph Pulitzer gave his will to start a school of journalism at Columbia University and to start the award.

7) COVID-19 cases increase in Afghanistan

Recently, the International Organization for Migration-IOM has expressed concern over the increasing cases of COVID-19 in Afghanistan. According to IOM estimates, Afghanistan may have the highest COVID-19 infection rate in the world.

5, A total of 2,900 cases of COVID-19 infection were confirmed in Afghanistan as of May 2020, while the death toll from the disease was stated to be 90.

According to IOM, in the absence of any immediate effective response to control of COVID-19 in Afghanistan, up to 80% of the country’s population may be vulnerable to this infectious disease.

According to the IOM, recently about 50% of random / random samples taken from 500 people in the city of Kabul with a population of about 50-70 lakh were found to be infected with COVID-19.

The recent withdrawal of more than 2,71,000 Afghan civilians from neighboring countries Pakistan and Iran due to the COVID-19 epidemic has increased pressure on the Afghanistan administration.

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