Daily Current Affairs – 6th May 2020

1) Winners of Pulitzer Prize 2020 announced

The winners of the Pulitzer Prize for the year 2020 were announced on 5 May. The New York Times has received 3 awards this year.

‘The New Yorker’, ‘The Washington Post’, ‘The Associated Press’, ‘The Los Angeles Times’, ‘The Baltimore Sun’, ‘The Palestine Herald Press’ were also awarded Pulitzer Prize for different news is.

Three photographers from India – Dar Yasin, Mukhtar Khan and Channi Anand – have also been awarded in the field of feature photography.

Pulitzer Prize: A Vision

The Pulitzer Prize is a major award of the United States. It was founded in 1917 by Hungarian-American publisher Joseph Pulitzer.

This award is given to those who have done remarkable work in the field of journalism, literature and music composition. It is considered to be the most prestigious award in the field of journalism.

The award is announced each year by the University of Colombia. The award is given in 21 categories.

A Gold Medal is awarded to the winners of the Pulitzer Public Service category award and $ 15,000 is given to all other categories.

2) First Tuesday of May: World Asthma Day

Every year, the entire World Asthma Day is celebrated on the first Tuesday of the month of May. In this year i.e. 2020, this day was celebrated on 5 May. This day is celebrated all over the world for asthma awareness and education.

Theme of World Asthma Day 2020

The theme of World Asthma Day 2019 – Enough Asthma Deaths.

History of world asthma day

The day is prepared by Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). World Asthma Day was celebrated for the first time at the first World Asthma Meeting held in Barcelona, ​​Spain in the year 1998, in which 35 countries took part.

What is asthma

Asthma is also known as asthma. It is a long-term inflammatory disease in the airways of the lungs. An asthma patient has trouble breathing, breath becomes very soon. Common symptoms of asthma include wheezing, cough, chest tightness and shortness of breath.

3) May 5: International Midwife Day

Every year on 5 May, International Midwives Day is celebrated. The purpose of celebrating this day is to honor the dedication of the midwife who takes care of the woman during pregnancy. The day was started in 1992 by the International Confederation of Midwives. This year, in 2020, is its 25th anniversary.

According to the latest report by the World Health Organization (WHO), every day around 800 women and 8,000 newborns are killed during pregnancy, birth, or soon after, due to problems they could have avoided.

Theme of International Midwife Day 2020

This year, the main theme of the International Midwife Day of 2020 – celebrate, demonstrate, mobilize, unite – our time is NOW! is.

What is a midwife?

Women during pregnancy and women who take full care of the child for a few days after birth have been named ‘Midwife’.

4) May 5: World Hand Sanitation Day, 2020 theme, related information

World Hygiene Day is observed every year on 5 May. This day is also known as ‘World Hand Hygiene Day’. On this day, a global campaign is run under the leadership of the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective of this campaign is to make people aware of hygiene and encourage health care.

According to the WHO, keeping hands clean is the most important and necessary measure to prevent the transmission of bacteria to hospitals and other places. Many infections can be prevented only by keeping the hands clean.

Theme of World Sanitation Day 2020

This year, in 2020, the theme of World Cleanliness Day – ‘Save Lives: Clean Your Hands’. This year most countries are suffering from ‘COVID-19’ disease. This theme has been chosen to increase awareness in the prevention of this disease.

5) Study of ‘mathematical and computational aspects of COVID-19

Recently ‘Science and Engineering Research Board’ (Science and Engineering Research Board- SERB) under the ‘Matrix Scheme’ (MATRICS Scheme) to study its ‘mathematical model and computational aspects’ to control COVID-19 epidemic. 11 projects have been approved.

Most of the studies approved by the SERB under this scheme are aimed at preparing mathematical models with reference to various aspects related to COVID-19.

This includes population diversity, the role of non-symptomatic infected populations, migration and quarantine, social distancing and the effect of lockdown, socio-economic factors, etc.

The primary goal of these studies is to assess Indian conditions and provide a qualitative indicator of the intensity / amount of infectivity of COVID-19 virus under current conditions.

In this study, the principles of the ‘Sir’ SIR (Susceptible-Infected-Recovered) model have been used to study various aspects related to COVID-19.

The ‘SIR’ model is an example of a compartmental model used in epidemiology to study the spread of infectious disease in a group.

Where S means ‘Susceptible’ means the number of susceptible persons, ‘I’ means ‘Infected’ means the number of infected persons and ‘R’ (Recovered) refers to the number of cured people.

6) NAM Contact Group Summit

Recently, the ‘NAM Contact Group Summit- NAM CGS’ was organized by the Non-Aligned Movement- NAM group towards cooperation in the management of COVID-19 epidemic.

This ‘virtual conference’ was hosted by Azerbaijan and the summit was attended by more than 30 heads of state and other leaders.

The ‘Non-Aligned Movement’ was addressed for the first time after Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi took power in 2014.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi did not attend the NAM summit in the year 2016 and 2019. He is the first Prime Minister who did not attend the NAM summits.

The Indian Prime Minister raised the issues of ‘terrorism’ and ‘fake news’ in the conference and called both these issues as ‘deadly virus’.

The summit adopted a declaration outlining the importance of international solidarity in the fight against the COVID-19 epidemic. It was announced to form a ‘task force’ to identify the needs of member countries.

This task force will set up a ‘common database’ towards managing the COVID-19 pandemic to identify the needs felt by member states in dealing with the pandemic.

7) DRDO develops ‘UV Blaster’

This device, named ‘UV blaster’, is an ultra violet (UV) based area sanitizer by DRDO’s prestigious Delhi-based laboratory ‘Laser Science & Technology Center’ (Laser Science & Technology Center-LASTEC). Has been developed.

The device has 6 lamps for 360 degree light at 254 LM wavelength, each of which has a capacity of 43 watts of UVC (UVC) power.

Through this device, a room of 12×12 feet size can be disinfected in about 10 minutes and 400 square feet room in 30 minutes.

Suddenly, this sanitizer closes when the room is opened or on human intervention. ‘UV Blaster’ can be used in laboratories and offices to disinfect the surface of electronic devices, computers and other gadgets that cannot be disinfected by chemical methods. This product is also effective for areas like airports, shopping malls, metro, hotels, factories, offices, etc., where people have a lot of movement.

This UV based area sanitiser can be used by remote operation via laptop or mobile using WiFi.

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