Daily Current Affairs – 5th May 2020

1) CAIT launches e-commerce market place ‘bharatemarket.in’ for retail traders

The Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) has started a national e-commerce market place for all retail traders in the country. This e-commerce market place will be available on the portal named ‘bharatemarket.in’. This marketplace aims to bring all retail traders in the country.

Merchants joining this portal will own a part of this marketplace. The mission of the portal will be the responsibility of connecting the traditional self-organized business of India with digital technology and delivering goods from the manufacturer to the end consumer.

There will be no charge on goods sold on this portal and merchants’ e-shops will be built at no charge. Any consumer will be able to buy goods from their nearest retailer, which will be delivered immediately. Quality, price and delivery of goods in this portal will be very short in comparison to other portals.

2) Special online summit of NAM countries organized

The special summit of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) member countries was held on 4 May through video conferencing. This online conference was attended by the Heads of State and Government of member countries. The conference was organized on the initiative of Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyef. Azar Bejan is currently the chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement. Prime Minister Narendra Modi represented India at the conference.

In this virtual conference, methods of coordination among the member countries in the fight against the corona virus epidemic were discussed. The conference ended with a political declaration of the unity of the countries of the Nonaligned Movement against Kovid-19.

What is Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)?

NAM is an abbreviation for Non-Aligned Movement. NAM is the second largest political organization after the United Nations. 120 developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America are associated with it. It was established in April 1961. India has been a founding member of NAM.

It was born when the world was completely divided into American and former Soviet blocs. At that time, the NAM countries had decided that they would not remain (non-aligned) with or against any faction in the world.

The movement was initiated by the Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, President of Egypt Gamal Abdul Nasser, President of Yugoslavia Josip Burrows Tito, President of Indonesia, Dr. Sukranas and President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah.

3) WHO concerns overuse of BCG vaccine

Recently, the ‘World Health Organization’ (WHO) Director General and some other experts have run randomized controlled trials on the vaccine before delivering the BCG Vaccine to health workers to protect against COVID-19. Controlled Trial- RCT) is suggested to wait for results.

Significantly, on 28 March 2020, a study published on an online medical website called ‘medRxiv’ found that COVID-19 infection and even mortality in countries with ‘Universal BCG Vaccination’ are non-universal BCG. Vaccination was much lower than in countries with no immunization.

However, the validity of this study is yet to be reviewed and it has not yet been published in any scientific journal.

In an article published in a medical journal called ‘Lacent’ on April 30, 2020, the WHO Director General and some other experts referenced COVID-19 before giving the BCG vaccine to healthcare workers to protect against COVID-19. It is suggested to wait for the results of the ongoing RCT test on this vaccine to test the safety and effectiveness.

However, in this article, experts have expressed the possibility that the BCG vaccine, which increases the innate / natural immune response to future infections, likely intensifies coronavirus infection, reducing the effects of COVID-19 on the body and the disease. Can help in quick recovery.

Randomized controlled trials are currently being conducted in Australia and the Netherlands in the context of cases of coronavirus infection in health workers and the role of the BCG vaccine in reducing the severity of COVID-19.

4) Bru Refugee Crisis and Protest Agreement

Some groups in Tripura have objected to the decision to permanently settle the displaced Bru tribe in the Kanchanpur subdivision of North Tripura district, seeking to move them out of Tripura.

In this regard, the two major organizations of the region, the Civil Protection Forum (Nagarik Suraksha Mancha) and the Mizo Convention, submitted a memorandum to the Chief Minister of Tripura Biplav Kumar Deb, opposing the permanent settlement of the displaced in the Kanchanpur subdivision. .

The Civil Protection Forum represents the Bengalis displaced from East-Pakistan after partition in the year 1947 and the Mizo Convention represents the Mizo population residing in the Jampui Hills of North Tripura.

It is noteworthy that more than 40,000 Bru tribesmen were living in Kanchanpur and Panisagar subdivisions of North Tripura. Although about 7,000 Bru refugees returned to Mizoram after nine stages of repatriation by November 30, 2019, the remaining Bru refugees are still extant in Tripura.

On January 16, 2020, the central government entered into a quadrilateral agreement with the Tripura government, the Government of Mizoram and representatives of the Bru tribe, with an aim to end the Bru Refugee Crisis forever, with Bru refugees not returning to Mizoram Was talked about settling in Tripura itself.

5) African swine fever

Recently, the Central Government has advised the Assam State Government to treat pigs affected by ‘African Swine Fever’.

The ASF was reported in eastern Assam in November-December 2019 in areas of China bordering Arunachal Pradesh. Pigs started to die in India in mid-April due to ASF and so far around 2,500 pigs have died.

The situation in Assam is quite severe due to ASF as pigs are reared by farmers in Assam and farmers in the region have over 20 lakh pigs.

ASF is a highly contagious hemorrhagic viral disease occurring in domestic and wild pigs.

It is caused by the DNA virus of the family Asfarviridae. Although the symptoms of ASF and Classical Swine Fever (CSF) may be similar, the viruses of ASF and CSF are quite different and unrelated to each other.

The transmission and spread process of an ASF epidemic is complex and the transmission of ASF can be of the following types:

Direct infection; When in contact with domestic or wild pigs.

Indirect contact; Through the use of contaminated materials such as food waste, garbage, etc.

 Through contaminated phytites or biological bacteria.

Contaminated phytites are objects or materials that are prone to infection, such as clothing, utensils, and furniture, etc.

6) Ideathon organized on ‘future of river management’

Recently, ‘River by National Mission for Clean Ganga-NMCG’ and ‘National Institute on Urban Affairs’ (National Institute of Urban Affairs- NIUA) of ‘Ministry of Jal Shakti’ Organized ‘Ideathon webinar’ on the topic of future of management.

About 500 participants from various countries and international organizations participated in this international ‘webinar’.

IDEAthon churned out the lessons learned from the lockdown imposed under the COVID-19 epidemic and its impact on river management.

Positive effect of lockdown on rivers:

While the COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected all the countries of the world on one hand, there are also some positive results of this pandemic. One of these is the visible improvement of the natural environment.

The water quality of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in India has improved significantly in the last few weeks. Ganges dolphins have been seen in many parts of the river Ganges.

The pollution levels of the Venice canals have seen a significant drop and dolphins have returned to these waterways due to navigation stops in Italian waterways.

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