Daily Current Affairs – 26th April 2020

1) Sanjay Kothari was sworn in as Chief Vigilance Commissioner

Sanjay Kothari was sworn in as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) on 25 April. President Ram Nath Kovind administered him the oath of office at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Kothari’s term will be till June 2021. The post of CVC was vacant since the retirement of KV Chaudhary in June 2019. Kothari’s name was recommended by a selection committee headed by Prime Minister Modi.

Sanjay Kothari was a senior Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Haryana cadre. In 2016, he retired as Secretary of the Department of Personal and Training. In July 2017, he was made the President’s Secretary.

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

Central Vigilance Commission is the apex body of corruption control related to officers / employees of various departments of the Government of India. It is a multi-member institution with statutory status.

This commission was established in 1964. It was formed on the recommendation of the Santhanam Committee, which was formed to give suggestions related to curbing corruption.

The Parliament passed the Central Vigilance Commission Bill in 2003. In this bill, a law giving the statutory status to the Commission (Vigilance Commission Act) was made. The authority and work of the Commission is mentioned in detail in this Act.

Commissioner of Central Vigilance Commission

The Central Vigilance Commission consists of a Chief Vigilance Commissioner- CVC who is the Chairman and two other Vigilance Commissioners.

They are chosen by the President on the reference of a three-member committee. In this committee, the Prime Minister is the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha and the Union Home Minister.

Their tenure is for 4 years or till the age of 65 years (whichever is earlier). After the leave, these Commission officials are not eligible for any post of Central or State Government.

2) Iran Confirms Launch of Military Satellite ‘Noor’

Iran has recently confirmed the launch of a military satellite. This satellite is named ‘Noor’. This satellite has been successfully placed in orbit 425 km above the Earth’s surface.

The launch comes at a time when there is tension between the two countries over the nuclear deal between Iran and the US and the death of Iran’s General Qasim Sulemani in the US drone strike in January.

It is noteworthy that on January 3, an air strike was carried out by the US at Baghdad Airport, in which Iranian General Qasim Suleimani was killed. Meanwhile then, stiffnesses amid the US and Iran have amplified.

3) 25 April: World Malaria Day, target to eradicate malaria by 2030

Every year 25 April is celebrated as World Malaria Day to bring awareness about the topic of Malaria. Under this day, the World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes prevention of malaria, effective strategies to combat it and measures to reduce deaths.

Theme of World Malaria Day 2020

The theme of World Malaria Day in this year i.e. 2020 – ‘Zero malaria starts with me’ (Zero malaria starts with me).

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a type of parasitic disease spread by Plasmodium. Whose carrier is the female Anaphylis mosquito. When an infected female anaphylase mosquito bites a person, symptoms of malaria start appearing in the infection.

The malaria parasite specifically affects the red blood cells (RBC), causing a lack of blood in the body and the patient becomes weak.

The year 2030 aims to eradicate malaria

India has targeted to eradicate malaria by the year 2030. Whereas by the year 2027, the entire country will be made malaria free. For this, many projects are being run at the national level.

History of world malaria day

World Malaria Day was started in the year 2007 during the World Health Assembly by the member nations of the World Health Organization (WHO). World Malaria Day was observed for the first time on 25 April 2008.

Countries most affected by malaria

Nigeria is the most affected country in the world in the African continent. 27 percent of the world’s malaria-affected people live in Nigeria. The second place in this list is the Republic of Congo of Africa. Here 10 percent of the malaria affected population is there. While in third place is India with 6 percent population. Fourth place is Mozambique with 4 percent patients and Ghana with 4 percent.

Malaria vaccine RTS-S / AS01

The vaccine named for malaria is RTS-S / AS01. The trade name of this vaccine is Mosquirix. This vaccine is given via injection. It is produced by the British pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline in association with the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative. Four doses of this vaccine are to be given at fixed time intervals.

4) Strictness in US H-1B visa regulations

With the recent increase in unemployment due to COVID-19 in the US (USA), the demand for postponement of all other schemes related to migrant workers including H-1B visas has increased.

In a letter to the US President, a US lawmaker said H-1B, H4, L1, B1, B2, ‘Optional Practical Training Program’ (to promote US workers’ income and employment opportunities during rising unemployment due to COVID-19). Optional Practical Training Program) and other schemes related to migrant workers.

It is noteworthy that recently, the US President had prohibited the issuance of new green cards in the country for the next 90 days.

In addition, a proclamation was issued by the US President on April 22, 2020 to protect the interests of American workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in the country.

Section 6 of this proclamation requires US Labor, State and Homeland Security Secretaries to prioritize American workers within 30 days of the announcement of the announcement and to make additional suggestions regarding their employment. Was said.

Reason for postponing immigration:

Currently, the epidemic of COVID-19 has severely affected the economy of many countries of the world.

According to US leaders, the epidemic has left about 26 million people unemployed in the US.

According to an estimate, around 3 million people currently work on H-1B visas in the US and the US government received about 2,75,000 H-1B applications from workers in other countries for the fiscal year 2020-21.

According to experts, around 24% of H-1B visa holders apply for a green card every year.

With the increase in unemployment in America, there is increased pressure on the government to stop migrant workers from entering the country.

5) Insurance to journalists in Haryana

Recently, the Haryana government has decided to provide an insurance cover of Rs 10 lakh to all journalists reporting during the corona virus (COVID-19) epidemic. Giving information in this regard, Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar said that the government appreciates the work of all journalists who are reporting their lives at risk even during this epidemic. That is why it has been decided to provide insurance cover to all recognized and associated journalists working during this period.

It is worth mentioning that if that journalist dies due to Coronavirus, then an insurance amount of Rs 10 lakh will be provided to his dependents. The Haryana Patrakar Sangh has welcomed this decision of the state government. According to the Haryana Journalists Association, by providing insurance cover of Rs 10 lakh to all journalists, not only journalists but also their family members will be helped. It is noteworthy that a total of 280 cases of coronavirus infection have been reported in Haryana and 3 people have died due to this virus in the state so far.

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