Daily Current Affairs – 22nd April 2020

Recommendation of new Chief Justices in Bombay, Meghalaya and Orissa High Courts

The Supreme Court Collegium has recommended the appointment of new Chief Justices in the Bombay, Meghalaya and Orissa High Courts.

The collegium has presently proposed the appointment of Justice Dipankar Dutta of the Calcutta High Court as the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court.

In addition, Justice Biswanath Somadar, who is currently a judge in the Allahabad High Court, has been recommended to be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Meghalaya High Court.

The collegium has recommended transfer of Chief Justice of Meghalaya High Court Justice Mohammad Rafique as Chief Justice of Orissa High Court.

Collegium System of Supreme Court: A Vision

The system of appointment of judges in the courts of the country is called the collegium system.

The collegium system was created in 1990 after two decisions of the Supreme Court.

Under the collegium system, a committee of senior judges, headed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, decides the names and appointment of judges.

The Collegium also decides the appointment and transfer of judges in the Supreme Court and High Court.

Which judges of the High Court will go to the Supreme Court after their promotion, the collegium also decides.

The collegium system is neither mentioned in the original constitution nor in any of its amendments.

Important information related to Civil Services Day

Every year 21 April is celebrated as Civil Services Day. The day is celebrated with the aim of redesigning the civil servants to the citizens and restoring their commitment.

On this day in 1947, the first Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel addressed the first batch officers of ‘All India Administrative Service Training School’ at Metcalfe House, Delhi. Sardar Patel in his address addressed the civil servants as ‘Steel Frame of India’.

The Government of India had decided to celebrate this day from the year 2006. The first Civil Service Day celebrations were held on 21 April 2006 at Vigyan Bhawan. The 14th Civil Service Day was observed in the country on 21 April 2020.

Kapil Dev Tripathi appointed as new secretary of President Ramnath Kovind

Kapil Dev Tripathi was appointed as Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind on 20 April. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the appointment of Kapil Dev Tripathi on contract basis. His term will be till the tenure of President Kovind.

Kapil Dev Tripathi will succeed Sanjay Kothari, who has been made the head of the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). Sanjay Kothari was appointed as Secretary to the President in July 2017.

Kapil Dev Tripathi, 62, has served in various posts in the central government. He retired as Secretary in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in June 2018. He has been Secretary in Central Vigilance Commission and Joint Secretary in Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.

Appointments Committee of the Cabinet

The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet ACC is headed by the Prime Minister. The Home Minister is a member of this committee. All higher level appointments and service extension of the Cabinet Secretariat, PSUs, banks and financial institutions are decided by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.

National list of intangible cultural heritage released

The Ministry of Culture, Government of India released the national list of ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage-ICH’ on 18 April. This list is part of the Ministry of Culture’s Vision 2024. The goal of this list is to spread awareness about the intangible cultural heritage traditions of various states of India.

UNESCO has recognized 13 intangible cultural heritage traditions of the country as the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

Following the 2003 Convention for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage, the Ministry of Culture of India has classified this list into five broad domains revealing intangible cultural heritage-

Oral traditions and expressions including language as a carrier of intangible cultural heritage;

  • performance art;
  • Social practices, rituals, and celebrations;
  • Information and rehearsal about nature and the universe;
  • Traditional craftsmanship.

Growing Islamophobia in India: OIC

The ‘Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission- IPHRC’ of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation-OIC has expressed concern over the growing Islamophobia in India through a tweet.

The OIC has urged the Indian government to take immediate steps to protect the rights of the Muslim minority under the ‘International Human Rights Law’.

The IPHRC’s tweet comes after a message by the Indian Prime Minister emphasizing ‘unity and brotherhood’ during the ‘COVID-19’ epidemic.

COVID-19 and Islamophobia:

A religious gathering of Muslims (‘Tabligi Jamaat’) was held in Delhi in March 2020. The event was linked to several positive cases of COVID-19 found in India. Apart from media, people on social media blamed Tablighi Jamaat and Muslims for deliberately spreading COVID-19 epidemic in India.

Earlier, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom- USCIRF criticized India, Pakistan and Cambodia for the growing threat against minorities in these countries.

The USCIRF has criticized the government in its report that COVID-19 patients were kept on religious grounds at a hospital in Ahmedabad.

According to the USCIRF report, India has been in Tier-2 since 2009 with a ‘country of special concern’.

USCIRF:

The USCIRF is an independent, bipartisan US Federal Commission dedicated to defending the universal right to freedom of religion or belief in the world.

The USCIRF appraisals the truths and conditions regarding spiritual freedom violations and makes policy recommendations to the President, Secretary of State, and Congress. Commissioners of USCIRF are appointed by both the President of America and the political parties of the Congress (US Parliament).

New model of ionospheric electron density prediction

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism- IIG, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, Navi Mumbai, have developed a new method for predicting ionospheric electron density. Developed the model.

Scientists at IIG have developed a new ‘Artificial Neural Networks based global Ionospheric Model- ANNIM’ for forecasting electron density changes.

The ‘Artificial Neural Network’ (ANN) replaces processes occurring in the human brain or biological neurons to address problems such as pattern recognition, classification, clustering, normalization, linear and non-linear data fitting, and estimation of time series.

Ionospheric Variability:

Monitoring of ionospheric electron density variability is important for communication and navigation. Ionospheric variability is largely influenced by both solar-generated factors and atmospheric processes.

Scientists have tried to develop ionospheric models using theoretical and empirical techniques, although accurately estimating electron density remains a challenging task.

Importance of Research:

The model developed by IIG researchers can be used as a reference model in ionospheric projections and has the full potential to be used in computing the positioning flaws of the ‘Global Navigation Satellite System’ (GNSS).

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