Daily Current Affairs – 19th April 2020

SCTIMST has developed an economical and fast test kit to test ‘Kovid-19’

The Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST) of Thiruvananthapuram has developed an affordable and fast test kit for testing ‘Kovid-19’. Corona infection will be detected in just 2 hours through this kit. Its cost is about 1000 rupees. This kit is named ‘Chitra Gene LAMP-N’.

The National Institute of Virology of Alappuzha has recognized this test kit and has informed the ICMR. Now the SCT institute is in the process of making necessary changes to bring this technology to work on a large scale, so that it can be used more and more when needed.

The test for the new kit is very economical in terms of price, as it will cost only Rs 1000, while the PCR kit used so far costs between Rs 2000-2500. Along with this, the price of the new machine will also be 2.5 lakh rupees, while the price of RT-PCR machine is between 15-40 lakh rupees.

World Heritage Day, World Heritage status to 36 places in India

Every year on 18 April, World Heritage Day is celebrated all over the world. Its purpose is to summarize the diversity of cultural-historical and natural heritage and raise awareness about the importance of monuments.

Theme of World Heritage Day 2020

This year, the theme of World Heritage Day of 2020 is ‘Shared Cultures, Shared Heritage, Shared Responsibility’.

History

The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) proposed to UNESCO to celebrate World Heritage Day on 18 April. The proposal was approved by UNESCO in 1983.

What is a Heritage Site?

World heritage or heritage are sites of cultural importance and natural importance that are very important. There are a total of 1052 World Heritage Sites worldwide which are very important. Of these, 814 are ethnic, 203 are natural and 35 are diverse places.

UNESCO included India’s heritage sites

UNESCO has designated 36 places, cities, buildings, caves etc. in India as World Heritage Sites. These include 27 cultural, 8 natural and 1 mixed heritage. The heritage sites of India included in UNESCO are as follows:

Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Kaziranga Sanctuary, Keoladeo Gardens, Mahabalipuram and Sun Temple Konark, Manas Sanctuary, Hampi, Churches of Goa and Fatehpur Sikri, Chola Temple, Khajuraho Temple, Pattadakal and Elephanta Caves, Sundarban, Buddha Memorial of Sanchi, Humayun’s Tomb and Nanda Devi’s Flower Garden, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Champaner Pavagadh, Delhi’s Red Fort and Jaipur’s Jantar Mantar, Architecture of Nalanda University, Karboujie, Kanchenjunga Flower Garden and Ahmedabad City, Bhimbethka, Qutub Minar, Himalayan Rail and Mahabodhi Temple, Rani Ki Vav of Gujarat, Western Ghats, Great Himalayan National Park and Fort of Rajasthan.

International Monetary and Financial Committee Meeting

Recently Union Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister Nirmala Sitharaman attended the meeting of International Monetary and Financial Committee-IMFC and World Bank-International Monetary Fund’s Development Committee (VIDEO) through video conferencing.

International Monetary and Financial Committee Meeting

The meeting was based on the ‘Global Policy Agenda’ of the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund-IMF, titled ‘Exceptional Times – Exceptional Action’.

During the meeting, members of IMFC updated the committee on various steps and measures taken by member countries to deal with COVID-19 and also presented by IMF to meet the global liquidity and financing needs of member countries. He also expressed his views on the crisis resolution package.

The Finance Minister, during his address in the meeting, underlined the various steps taken by the Government of India to deal with the health crisis as well as to reduce its effects.

It is noteworthy that the International Monetary and Financial Committee is the Ministerial Committee of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Development committee meeting

At the meeting, Nirmala Sitharaman said that given India’s population, it could be said that India could have become a major hotspot of COVID-19, but the role of the government in strengthening the health system and preventing the spread of the virus did not Allowed to happen

Important measures such as social distancing, travel restrictions, work from home (WFH) policy in private and public sectors, increased testing, screening and treatment facilities have helped the government reduce the effects of coronaviruses.

The Finance Minister also mentioned that being a responsible member of the global community, India is also providing important medicines and essential ingredients to the needy countries and will continue to do so in future.

The meeting of the Development Committee is held every year to discuss the progress of the work of the two institutions along with the meeting of the Boards of the Governors of the World Bank and the IMF.

Development of inactivated virus vaccine for COVID-19

Recently researchers at the ‘Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology- CCMB) have reported that they have inactivated a virus-based vaccine or inactivated virus vaccine to combat coronavirus.

Main Point:

Inactivated vaccine is known for its safety and easy process of manufacture.

According to the researchers, this vaccine is the most appropriate way to prevent the spread of coronavirus and its side effects.

Currently, many institutions in the world are engaged in the development of vaccines to fight this disease and the World Health Organization (WHO) has prepared a list of more than 42 such institutions from around the world, who are vaccinated against this disease. But we are reducing it.

Inactivated Vaccine:

In this process a large number of viruses are cultured and then they are killed by chemical process or heat.

Although this pathogen or pathogen is killed or its fertility is destroyed, many organs / parts are attached to it. Like – Spike Protein, with which it enters the cells.

In addition, the antigen identified by the immune system is also left safe.

When this dead bacterium is introduced into the human body, the body’s immune system considers it alive and reacts through the excretion of some antibodies, which act as the Inactivated Virus Vaccine. .

The inactivated vaccine for polio and rabies was created / developed in a similar way.

Benefit:

Due to being dead, this pathogen is not able to breed and even a person can not develop any mild disease. Therefore, it can also be given to those who do not have strong immunity, such as elderly or people suffering from diseases related to co-morbidity etc.

According to the CCMB director, if we enrich and inactivate a large number of viruses, then it can be used in the treatment of people infected with this disease.

After the success of this technology in the manufacture of polio and rabies vaccine, suitable expertise is available in this field.

Identifying the correct technology of cell culture will also aid in the creation of a claim for treatment of COVID-19.

Asian Boxing Championship 2020

Recently the Indian Boxing Federation-BFI has announced that India will host the Asian Boxing Championship 2020 to be held in November-December 2020. According to the BFI, a formal announcement in this regard will be made by the Asian Boxing Confederation after the end of Coronavirus. Earlier India hosted the Men’s Asian Championship in Mumbai in 1980 and Women’s Championship in Hisar (Haryana) in 2003.

It is noteworthy that since the year 2019, the men’s and women’s championships are being held simultaneously. The Indian Boxing Federation (BFI) is the national government body for Olympic boxing in the country and its headquarters is located in New Delhi. It is important to note that presently almost all the sports utilities of the world including Tokyo Olympics have been suspended for some time due to Coronavirus (COVID-19).

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