Daily Current Affairs – 15th April 2020

Former Attorney General And Senior Advocate Ashok Desai Dies

Former Attorney General and Senior Advocate Ashok Desai died on 13 April. Desai was the Attorney General of the nation from 9 July 1996 to 6 May 1998. Prior to this, he was Solicitor General from 18 December 1989 to 2 December 1990.

Ashok Desai: A Sight

Ashok Desai was bequeathed the Padma Bhushan and Law Award in 2001. He started practicing in the Bombay High Court in 1956 and on August 8, 1977, he was named Senior Advocate.

Desai frolicked a key part in the much-talked about Vineet Narayan case connecting exploitation in high positions and investigations against high public servants surrounded by such serious allegations.

He claimed in the Supreme Court in numerous matters of public interest such as keeping the homosexuality out of the purview of crime, the Narmada dam case and the Unlawful Migrant (Determination by Tribunal) Act.

He was also a fellow of the NGO ‘Committee for Judicial Accountability’. This committee campaigned for the abolition of Supreme Court Judge Justice V Ramaswamy from the post on charges of corruption.

First World Chagas Disease Day Was Observed On 14 April 2020

The first World Chagas Disease Day was observed on 14 April 2020. The purpose of celebrating this day is to share information about prevention and control of this disease among the victims and healthy people.

Chagas Disease: A Vsion

‘Chagas’ is named after Dr. Carlos Justiniano Ribeiro Chagas, who treated the first patient of the disease on 14 April 1909.

Chagas disease is also called American trypanosomiasis. It is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the protein Trinosoma cruzi. It is mostly spread by triatomina insects.

Initial signs of Chagas disease may comprise fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, or local swelling.

14 April 2020: Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar’s 129th Birth Anniversary, Equality Day

Each year on 14 April, the birth centenary of Bharat Ratna Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar is renowned. The 129th birth anniversary of Baba Saheb was celebrated on 14 April 2020. Bhimrao Ambedkar was instinctive on this daytime in 1891 in Mhow in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. Babasaheb was the creator of modern India and the main creator of the Indian Constitution.

Birth Anniversary of Baba Saheb: Equality Day

Baba Saheb’s birth anniversary is also celebrated as ‘Equality Day’ and ‘Knowledge Day’, as the talented Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who struggled for equality throughout his life, is also called the symbol of equality and the symbol of wisdom.

Dr. Ambedkar’s Main Contribution:

He worked to eradicate the social recognition of untouchability for the people of the lower class.

Through the Poona Pact, he demanded a separate electoral college to reserve seats for untouchables of the Dalit class.

Dr. Ambedkar was the chairman of the enlisting board of the constitution. He created a constitution that would see all citizens as equal, secular and on which all citizens of the country should trust.

He played a big role in the establishment of the Reserve Bank of India as he was a professional economist.

In order to provide special status to the people of Jammu and Kashmir of India were against Article 370 in the Indian Constitution.

Separately from this, the Finance Commission of India was recognized with the motivation of Dr. Ambedkar.

Dr. Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the highest civilian honor of India Ratna in 1990.

‘State Of The World Nursing’ Report

Freshly a story baptized ‘State of the World Nursing’ was unconfined by the World Health Organization- WHO, the International Council of Nurses- ICN and the Nursing Now campaign. is.

Main Point:

The role of nurses has been very important in the health sector, with nurses accounting for more than 59% (27.9 million) of the people working in the health sector. This amount reproduces[s1]  their significant role in the health sector and especially in the current global crisis.

This story unconfined on 7 April 2020 plans the significant influence of nurses in realizing national and global goals in terms of worldwide health and care, mental health, non-communicable diseases, emergency preparedness and response, etc.

Status Of Nurses Globally:

According to this report, currently the ratio of nurses globally is around 36.9 per thousand people (with some differences in different regions).

According to the report, the American continent has 10 times more nurses than the African continent.

While in American countries this ratio is about 83.4 per 10,000 population, in African countries the ratio of nurses is only 8.7 (approximately) per 10,000 population.

According to the report, there will be a shortage of 5.7 million nurses globally by the year 2030.

Seeing the current disaster of COVID-19, the National Health Service of England has urged nurses who have left their jobs to re-register themselves and help them deal with this disaster.

According to the report, currently the largest decrease in the number of nurses in the world is in countries in the South-East Asia region, while increasing age of staff working as nurses is a major problem in the countries of America and Europe.

Some high-income countries in the eastern Mediterranean, Europe and the American continent are entirely dependent on migrant nurses.

Status Of Nurses In India:

According to the data for the year 2018, the number of nurses in India was 15.6 lakhs and the number of assistant nurses was about 7.72 lakhs.

Of these, the share of professional nurses is 67% and in India annually about 3,22,827 students complete their Bachelor of Nursing who have received at least four years of training.

Nurses account for 47% of the people working in the Indian health sector, with the addition of doctors (23.3%), dentists (5.5%) and pharmacists (24.1%).

Globally, women constitute more (90%) of the workforce employed as nurses in the health sector, with female nurses accounting for 88% of the Indian health sector.

COVID-19 Indo-U.S. Virtual Network

Recently Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) has proposed to work on virtual network to deal with COVID-19.

Key Points:

The name of this virtual network is’ COVID-19 Indo-U.S. Virtual Network (COVID-19 Indo-U.S. Virtual Networks).

Its aim is to develop vaccines, equipment etc. quickly with the help of science, engineering and technology.

Under this proposal, scientists and engineers from India and the United States will jointly undertake research to tackle COVID-19 through a virtual system by leveraging existing infrastructure and funding.

Types Of Virtual Networks:

Knowledge Research and Development Network:

The network will enable scientists from India and the US to jointly conduct research in academic and national laboratories and encourage integration of research and education.

Public-Private Virtual Network:

Enables scientists from India and the United States to collaborate on academic and industry pre-commercial research and development activities.

Eligibility For Virtual Network:

Indian – Us edifying organizations, laboratories and manufacturing subsidized by federal agencies / practicalities actively betrothed in research to combat COVID-19.

Each proposal must include at least one Indian and one American institution.

All the partners should have intellectual and financial stake in the execution of the project.

Interoperability Of Set-Top Boxes

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India- TRAI has recommended that all ‘Set Top Boxes- STBs’ in the country should be interoperable.

Set Top Boxes (STBs) being interoperable means “consumers will be able to use the same type of STBs in different DTH (Direct-To-Home) and cable TV providers.”

TRAI has also suggested that necessary amendments should be made to the ‘Ministry of Information and Broadcasting- MoIB) license and registration conditions to make interoperability mandatory.

Interoperability required:

Different set providers require different STBs if the set top box is not interoperable. In such a situation it deprives the customer the freedom to change service provider.

It also impedes technological innovation, improvement in service quality and development of the overall information and broadcasting sector.

Present Situation:

Currently the cable TV network’s STBs are non-interoperable, while DTH services feature common interface module-based interoperability due to the compulsion of license terms.

However, in practice STBs are not easily interoperable even in DTH.

Organizing Committee:

TRAI has also recommended that a coordination committee should be set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to implement the revised STB standards in DTH and cable TV services.

Committee on Television Standards of Bureau of Indian Standards- BIS; Establish and continuously monitor the TS: 103 605 standards of Digital Video Broadcasting Common Interface Plus 2.0- DVB CI + 2.0 and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) .

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