Daily Current Affairs – 11th May 2020

1) ELISA test kit based on the estimation of antibodies designed ‘Kovid armor’

The National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, has developed an ELISA test kit based on the assessment of antibodies in blood to check for corona infection. This test kit is named ‘Kovid Kavach’. It is the first test kit prepared in the country.

The Kovid armor test kit is expected to speed up the ‘Kovid-19’ probe. This kit has proved to be quite a steak in authenticity testing at various testing sites. With this, 90 samples can be examined in about two and a half hours. Its technology has been given to pharmaceutical companies for large scale manufacture of this kit.

This kit will test the presence of IgG antibodies in the blood. It is capable of conducting ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay) based tests. ELISA is used to detect antibodies for a wide range of infections.

2) May 11: National Technology Day, Pokhran anniversary of nuclear test

National Technology Day is celebrated every year on 11 May. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make people aware by remembering measures to strengthen the economy through technology. India successfully conducted a nuclear test for the second time on the same day in 1998.

Shakti’s anniversary

On 11 May 1998, India successfully conducted a nuclear test for the second time in Pokaran, Rajasthan. This nuclear test is known as ‘Shakti’. National Technology Day is celebrated as the anniversary of ‘Shakti’. India showed its opening nuclear test in May 1974.

Indigenous plane goose

India’s indigenous aircraft Hans flew on this day in 1998. Hans-3 was developed by National Aerospace Laboratories. It was a light normal two-seater aircraft. It is used for training pilots, aerial photography, surveillance and environment related projects.

3) Confrontation between Indian and Chinese soldiers

Recently, there was a face-off between the soldiers of the two countries on the Indo-China border in Naku La sector and Ladakh sector of North Sikkim.

Naku La is a pass located at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters in North Sikkim.

This face-off was temporary and short-lived, which cannot be considered a ‘stand-off’.

Aggressive demonstrations were witnessed between the armies of both the countries in which the soldiers on both sides suffered physical injuries. However, the matter was later settled by negotiation.

The fact to be noted here is that when the border disputes between the two countries are unresolved, there are often incidents of ‘face-offs’. Which are resolved according to the protocol established by the armies of both countries. But stand-offs are difficult to resolve through ‘common established protocols’.

This face-off between India and China has been seen three years after the ‘Doklam stand-off’.

Until 1962, the Himalayas were considered a ‘natural barrier’ against the invaders. But the Chinese invasion of 1962 put an end to this concept.

The boundary between two countries is usually determined in the following 3 steps.

4) Kailash Mansarovar Marg and Nepal protest

Recently Nepal has protested against the inauguration of 80 km road in Uttarakhand by the Government of India, asking India ‘not to do any activity in the territory of Nepal’.

In this regard, the ruling party of Nepal has accused India of undermining the sovereignty of Nepal. According to Nepal, the inauguration of the 80-km-long road by India is a completely ‘one-sided act’ and is completely contrary to the understanding made on resolving border disputes between the two countries.

After Nepal’s opposition, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs said that this 80-kilometer long road falls entirely into Indian territory. On the border disputes, the Ministry of External Affairs said that India is committed to resolving border issues at the diplomatic level in view of its close and friendly bilateral relations with Nepal.

It is important that this road connects Dharchula in Uttarakhand to Lipulekh Pass. Nepal claims that this area near Kalapani is part of Nepal and India has done road construction in this area without negotiating with Nepal.

5) Locust attack in Rajasthan

The growing cluster of desert locusts that severely affect crops remains a concern for farmers in Rajasthan.

It is noteworthy that Locust Warning Organization- LWO has recorded an increase in the population of Desert Locust in Jaisalmer and Sri Ganganagar districts of Rajasthan.

Locusts are generally seen only during July-October in India, but they are a concern in April.

According to the LWO, locusts were spotted in early April in Fazilka district of Punjab, bordering Pakistan. But at that time their number was very less.

The main reason for the origin of these locusts is the cyclonic storms Mekunu and Luban that occurred in May and October 2018, which turned large desert areas of the southern Arabian Peninsula into lakes. Therefore, this phenomenon led to the breeding of a large number of locusts.

Primarily grasshoppers are a type of tropical insect that has an incomparable ability to fly which damages various types of crops.

Desert locusts are considered the most dangerous and destructive of the locust species.

Usually, they can be seen easily in the months of July-October as they are active only during the summer and rainy seasons.

6) Maharana Pratap Jayanti

On May 9, 2020, the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap, a great warrior and a symbol of amazing valor and courage, was celebrated across the country. It is important to note that Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan, in the Sisodia dynasty. After the death of Rana Pratap’s father Uday Singh, Maharana Pratap received the rule of Mewar on 1 March 1576.

Udaipur was the capital of Maharana Pratap’s kingdom. As much as the bravery of Maharana Pratap is discussed in Indian history, the praise of his horse Chetak is as much. Chetak holds a special place in Maharana Pratap’s heroic stories. His quickness, speed and bravery have played an important role in winning many battles.

Haldighati is a famous historical place situated between the hills situated near the route leading from Udaipur to Nathdwara, where in 1576 AD, there was a war between Maharana Pratap and Akbar’s forces. According to historians, Maharana Pratap faced 80 thousand Mughal soldiers in this war fought in 1576 AD with about 20 thousand soldiers. Maharana Pratap died on 29 January 1597 AD.

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