1) IMD weather report also covers the Indian territory occupied by Pakistan.
The inclusion of Pakistan-occupied Indian territory- Muzaffarabad and Gilgit-Baltistan in the weather report of the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has been in discussion in recent times.
In fact, IMD has started referring to its meteorological sub-division of Jammu and Kashmir as ‘Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Gilgit-Baltistan and Muzaffarabad’. These include Muzaffarabad and Gilgit-Baltistan under Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK).
This change by the IMD began to appear in the Northwest Division’s daily forecast from May 5. There are currently 36 meteorological sub-divisions in the country. They are defined along the state boundaries.
There are 9 subdivisions under the North West Division which includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi-Chandigarh-Haryana, Punjab, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh, East Rajasthan and Western Rajasthan.
Importance of Events
The importance of this development increases at a time when India has once again clarified the situation saying that POK is a part of India. Without this, no tampering will be tolerated without India’s permission.
The IMD has started issuing weather forecasts for Muzaffarabad and Gilgit-Baltistan when the Supreme Court of Pakistan allowed elections in Gilgit-Baltistan a few days ago.
2) Inauguration of new route Lipulekh-Dharachula Marg for Kailash Mansarovar
The Government of India has recently started a new route ‘Lipulekh-Dharachula Marg’ for the journey of Kailash Mansarovar. After the commencement of this route, the journey of devotees going to Kailash Mansarovar will be much easier now.
The Lipkhule-Dharaula Route: A Vision
The Lipulekh-Dharachula road has been built at an altitude of 17000 feet in Uttarakhand. The length of this route is 80 kilometers. The new route connects Lipulekh to Dharchula. This road has been constructed by Border Roads Organization (BRO).
This route was inaugurated by Defense Minister Rajnath Singh through video conferencing on 8 May. After the completion of the Lipulekh-Dharachula route, the journey to Kailash Mansarovar can be completed in 1 week, whereas earlier it took 2-3 weeks.
With the construction of this route, pilgrims from Mansarovar will now travel 84 percent on Indian soil and only 16 percent on Chinese land. Prior to this, 80% of the road trips by other routes had to be done in China.
Important from military point of view: This route is also important from military point of view. This will facilitate deployment and logistics supply of troops along the China border.
Mount Kailash: a sight
Mount Kailash is a mountain range located in Tibet. This mountain has been called the home of Lord Shiva. To its west and south are the Mansarovar and Rakshatal lakes. From here, many important rivers originate from Brahmaputra, Indus, Sutlej etc.
There are many routes to reach Kailash-Mansarovar, but the route through Pishoragarh district of Uttarakhand via Ascot, Dharchula, Khet, Garbyang, Kalapani, Lipulekh, Khind, Taklakot was the easiest route so far. This section is 544 km (338 mi) long and has many ups and downs.
3) Second Saturday of May and October: World Migratory Birds Day
World Migratory Bird Day is celebrated every year on the second Saturday of May and October. In this year i.e. 2020, this day was celebrated on 9 May. The purpose of celebrating this day is to create awareness on the need for conservation of migratory birds and their habitats. The day is a global campaign to preserve migratory birds.
Theme of World Migratory Birds Day 2020
The main theme of this year’s World Migratory Birds Day is – Birds Connect Our World. The theme of this time is focused on the conservation of natural ecosystems for the survival and welfare of migratory birds.World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) was started in 2006.
4) Gold-silicon interface based photodetectors
An economical and energy-efficient ‘wafer-scale photodetector’ (based on thin fragments) was developed by scientists at the ‘Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research’ (Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research-JNCASR) is.
- This research was published in the Applied Electronic Materials magazine of the American Chemical Society.
- It is noteworthy that wafer-scale photodetectors have been designed using gold-silicon interfaces for security applications.
- Gold (Au) – silicon (Si) interface that performs photodetection while exhibiting high sensitivity to light.
- The gold (Au) -silicon (Si) interface is prepared by a galvanic deposit.
- Galvanic deposit: It is a technique for electroplating metals in which metals are deposited as ions using water-based solutions (electrolytes).
- A nanostructured Au film was deposited over a p-type silicide (p-type silicide) that acts as a charge collector.
- This research provides a simple and economical solution-based fabrication method for high-performance photodetectors.
- It takes only a few minutes to make a detector of any intermediate region, with its process quite rapid.
5) Seasonal effect on glaciers in Karakoram range
Recently, Karakoram class glaciers were studied by scientists from Dehradun – Department of Science and Technology- DST, an autonomous institute of ‘Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology’ (Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology). .
According to the study, recently more than 220 glaciers of the Karakoram range have been exposed to glacial surges.
According to the study, the increase in glacial surges in summer stops due to systemic flow of molten water in summer.
‘Glacial Surge’ is a short-term phenomenon in which there is an increase in the length and volume of the glacier.
Thus, the occurrence of glacier surges makes most of the Himalayan glaciers; Those whose volume and length decrease have been observed, the opposite is incident. The speed of these glaciers is seen up to 100 times more than normal.
Glacier Surge means that the movement of glaciers is in the form of cyclic flow rather than a steady speed.
The cyclic oscillation of such glaciers is generally classified into two phases:
It has a rapid flow of glaciers and can range from a few months to a few years.
6) National Sports Awards nomination through e-mail
The National Sports Awards include various aspects of the country’s highest sports awards ‘Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna’ and ‘Arjuna Award’. The Dronacharya Award is given for outstanding contribution in the field of sports training, while the Dhyan Chand Award is given for lifetime achievement. Significantly, this time the Ministry of Sports has adopted the online process (by email) instead of the paperwork of nomination due to lockdown due to the outbreak of COVID-19.
7) Olive Ridley Turtle
In March this year, about 7 lakh 90 thousand Olive Ridley turtles arrived on the beach of Odisha (near the mouth of the Rushikulya River) to lay eggs, which now brought out millions of small children. Huh. Due to which the beaches of Orissa are filled with these little turtles.
Olive Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) are also known as ‘Pacific Olive Ridley sea turtles’. It is a medium-sized species of sea turtles found mainly in the warm waters of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans. They are non-vegetarian. In the Red List released by the IUCN, the world’s oldest and largest organization working towards environmental protection, it has been classified as Vulnerable species.
Olive Ridley turtles travel thousands of kilometers to lay eggs on the Ganjam coast of Odisha, and then the eggs released from these eggs return to their habitat thousands of kilometers back by sea route.